The Syria war has now entered its 8th year with international and regional powers all trying to secure their interests.
On 30 September 2015, Russia approved a request by President Putin to launch air strikes in Syria.
Whilst there maybe other reasons, in this video, you will learn 5 geopolitical interests Russia has in Syria.
PERMANENT MILITARY PRESENCE
On 26 August 2015, Russia and Syria signed a treaty that allowed Russia’s use of Syria’s Hmeimim airport, indefinitely and for free.
In December 2017, Russia announced it had set about ″forming a permanent grouping” at Khmeimim and its naval facility in Tartus.
The deal allows Russia to stay in Syria for another half a century as Putin ratified the air base deal with the Assad regime.
MAINTAINING STRATEGIC INTEREST
Russia has been pursuing the goal of establishing new international rules for more than a decade.
In 2007, he said “I consider that the unipolar model is not only unacceptable but also impossible in today’s world.”
Russia’s interest in Syria is very much a political statement to the West to projectan image of Russia’s strength.
In 2015 Low oil prices and Western sanctions over Ukraine plunged Russia’s economy into crisis shrinking it by 3.7%.
The economic pain meant that the Kremlin desperately needed a distraction. A Syrian war was a way of boosting national pride.
Russia’s investments in Syria were valued at $19.4 billion in 2009 and its exports to Syria were worth $1.1 billion in 2010.
Russian invests considerably in the oil sector in Syria and is looking to secure lucrative reconstruction contracts.
PAYBACK FOR UKRAINE
In February 2014, a popular uprising sent a pro-Russian government in Kiev packing bringing Ukraine into the West.
Syria has proved to be a perfect place for Russia to show the West that, despite economic sanctions, it has cards to play.
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