History87 Videos

Baghdad and the Paper-Making Industry

Paper seems such an ordinary product today, but it has been fundemental to modern civilisation. 1,100 years ago people were manufacturing paper in Baghdad in Muslim Civilisation. It is believed that the secrets of Chinese paper making were passed on to the people of Baghdad around the year 751. Very quickly, the art of paper-making […]

Why Japan Attacked Pearl Harbor

On December 7th 1941, a Japanese attack on the U.S Pacific naval headquarters at Pearl Harbor, damaged or destroyed nearly 20 American ships and more than 300 airplanes in less than two hours which claimed the lives of more than 2,400 people, and wounded 1,000 more. But why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor in 1941? […]

The History of Uyghur Muslims

Uyghurs are predominately Turkic-speaking Sunni Muslims who live primarily in the autonomous region of Xinjiang. Islam came to the region in the 10th century. Prior to Islam, the Uyghurs embraced Buddhism, Shamanism, and Manicheism. Uyghurs embraced Islam in 934 during the Karahanid Kingdom. Kashgar, the capital of the Kingdom, quickly became one of the major […]

Meet ZHENG HE – The Greatest CHINESE MUSLIM Explorer

When people think of great explorers, they think of the usual names: Marco Polo, Ibn Battuta, Evliya Çelebi, Christopher Columbus, etc. But not many know of Zheng He. The Muslim who became China’s greatest admiral, explorer, and diplomat. In China, he is well known, although not always recognized or glorified. Zheng was born in 1371 […]

Osman Gazi and the Birth of the Ottoman Empire

In the summer heat in the year 1071, a history-changing battle was raging in the eastern part of Anatolia. The Seljuk Turks from Central Asia, had built a powerful empire that was clashing with the mighty Byzantines Empire. The result of the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was a decisive Seljuk victory with the Byzantine […]

When the Mongols Destroyed Baghdad

For many historians, the arrival of the Mongols in Baghdad is the single most devastating moment in the history of the Muslim Middle East. It’s easy to see why—and hard to argue otherwise—because the ransacking of Baghdad would mark the end of the Islamic Golden Age. Baghdad had been established in 762 by the Abbasid […]

How an Ottoman Sultan Helped Ireland During the Great Famine

The Great Famine in the mid-19th century was one of the most devastating events in Irish history. Between 1845 and 1852, potato blight hit the island’s potato crop. The potato was a staple item of food in Ireland. A lack of good harvesting led to mass starvation, disease, and the deaths of nearly a million […]

How America Became a Superpower

The United States is the world’s most powerful country by far, with a globe-spanning network of alliances and military bases. Expansionism was always in America’s DNA, as a country founded by the expulsion and slaughter of American Indians. But after America reached the Pacific coast, there was a real debate as to whether it should […]

The Truth Behind the 1989 U.S. Invasion of Panama

The raid into Panama was the largest US combat operation since the Vietnam War. At the time the US trotted out various “noble justifications.” The narrative was to overthrow the military dictator Manuel Noriega who was accused of drug trafficking and supressing democracy. A key narrative was that Manuel endangered U.S nationals, similar to how […]

A Short History of Rohingya Muslims

A Short History of Rohingya Muslims The Rohingya, a people of South Asian origin, dwelled in an independent kingdom in Arakan, now known as Rakhine state in modern-day Myanmar. The Rohingya came into contact with Islam through Arab traders. Close ties were forged between Arakan and Bengal. In 1784, The Burman King Bodawpaya conquered Arakan […]