The Geopolitics of the Black Sea

In the mounting tension between Great Powers, the Black Sea holds a particular strategic importance. It represents the waterway connecting Europe, Russia and the Middle East and is believed to host substantial reserves of hydrocarbons. It’s unique location makes it an important gateway for gas pipelines fuelling European markets and is a key theatre in […]

Napolean and the Siege of Acre 1799

Napolean and The Siege of Acre 1799 The Siege of Acre of 1799 was an unsuccessful French siege of the Ottoman-defended, city of Acre. It was Napoleon’s first strategic defeat as three years previously he had been defeated at the Second Battle of Bassano. Acre was a site of significant strategic importance due to its […]

Osman Gazi and the Birth of the Ottoman Empire

In the summer heat in the year 1071, a history-changing battle was raging in the eastern part of Anatolia. The Seljuk Turks from Central Asia, had built a powerful empire that was clashing with the mighty Byzantines Empire. The result of the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 was a decisive Seljuk victory with the Byzantine […]